Diabetology & Endocrinology
Department of Diabetes & Endocrinology
Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that is related to the study of hormones and its disorders. The endocrine system consists of several glands located in different parts of the body that secrete hormones. The endocrine disorders are a varied group of diseases that usually occur due to under functioning or over functioning of these glands.
Diabetes, the most common endocrine disorder, encountered in clinical practice, occurs due to decreased secretion of insulin, a hormone produced from pancreas, an endocrine gland.
The common endocrine disorders are the following:
- Thyroid disorders- Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Goitre, Thyroid Cancers.
- Sexual disorders, Erectile dysfunction, Hypogonadism & Male infertility.
- Hirsutism (Excessive facial or body hair in females)
- Polycystic ovary disease (PCOD or PCOS) and other female hormone disorders
- Short Stature & Growth disorders
- Delayed & premature puberty (delayed or early development of various secondary sexual characters in boys or girls)
- Osteoporosis (low bone density)
- Metabolic bone diseases - Vitamin D deficiency, Rickets, Osteomalacia, Hyperparathyroidism
- Pituitary disorders - Pituitary tumors, raised pituitary hormone levels (e.g. Prolactin, GH, etc.), deficiency of pituitary hormones, Diabetes insipidus
- Adrenal disorders - Adrenal tumors, Cushing’s syndrome, Pheochromocytoma, Adrenal failure
- Disorder of Sexual Development - Small penis, Hidden Testis, Genital ambiguity, Gynecomastia (development of breast tissue in males), Turner’s syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome
- Other endocrine disorders- Insulinoma, Neuroendocrine Tumors, MEN syndrome, PGA syndrome etc.