What Is Rhuematology?
Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics, devoted to diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases. Clinicians who trained in rheumatology are called rheumatologists.

Is There A Specialist Available?
Rheumatologists deal mainly with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, vasculitis, and heritable connective tissue disorders.

One of the major changes in modern rheumatology is the development of new drugs called biologics, or disease modifying agents, which can control severe disease more effectively.

Rheumatologists treat arthritis, autoimmune diseases, pain disorders affecting joints, and osteoporosis. There are more than 200 types of these diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, lupus, back pain, osteoporosis, and tendinitis. Some of these are very serious diseases that can be difficult to diagnose and treat. They treat soft tissue problems related to musculoskeletal system sports related soft tissue disorders and the specialty is also interrelated with physiotherapy, physical medicine and rehabilitation of disabled patients. Patient education programs and occupational therapy also go hand in hand with this specialty.

What Diseases / Conditions Are Diagnosed & Managed By A Rheumatologist?

  • Degenerative arthropathies
    • Osteoarthritis
  • Inflammatory arthropathies
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Spondyloarthropathies
    • Ankylosing spondylitis
    • Reactive arthritis (reactive arthropathy)
    • Psoriatic arthropathy
    • Enteropathic spondylitis
    • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)
    • Crystal arthropathies: gout, pseudogout
    • Septic arthritis
  • Systemic conditions and connective tissue diseases
    • Lupus
      • Sjögren's syndrome
    • Scleroderma (systemic sclerosis)
    • Polymyositis
    • Dermatomyositis
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica
    • Mixed connective tissue disease
    • Relapsing Polychondritis
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Vasculitis
    • Microscopic Polyangiitis
  • Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Churg-Strauss Syndrome)
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis)
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Henoch-Schönlein purpura
    • Serum sickness
    • Giant cell arteritis, Temporal arteritis
    • Takayasu's arteritis
    • Behçet's syndrome
    • Kawasaki's disease (mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome)
    • Buerger's disease (thromboangiitis obliterans)

Soft tissue diseases and lesions affecting the joints and structures around the joints including tendons, ligaments capsules, bursae, stress fractures, muscles, nerve entrapment, vascular lesions, and ganglia. For example:

  • Low back pain
  • Tennis elbow
  • Golfer's elbow
  • Olecranon bursitis

How Are Rheumtological Disorders Diagnosed?
90% of the rheumatological diseases can be diagnosed by extensive medical history and clinical examination only. Laboratory investigations are also helpful to confirm the diagnosis and for follow-up to see disease activity.

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  • Dr.AlokKalyani

    Dr. Alok Kalyani

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